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Amphibians and reptiles


Amphibians                                                                                                           


Amphibians
are animals that can live both on land and in water. Amphibians can include:
Amphibians and reptiles

Frog

an amphibian with moist skin that uses its long hind legs to leap. Young form of a frog or toad is called a tadpole.

Newt

a small amphibian that is similar to a lizard

Salamander

an amphibian that looks like a lizard

Toad

an amphibian with dry skin that is similar to frog

Difference between frog and toad

Frog
Toad
Moist skin
Dry skin
Long hind legs for leaping
Short hind legs for walking
Lives in the water
Lives on land
Slim body
Stout body

Reptiles


Reptiles are cold-blooded animals that lay eggs. Reptiles can include:

Alligator

a type of crocodile with a very large jaw, that lives only in the United States and Chine

Caiman

a mid-small sized alligator that is found Central and South America

Crocodile

a large reptile with a thick skin that lives in fresh water, lakes or river  in hot countries.

Difference between alligator and crocodile

Animal
Size
Jaw
Alligator
Smaller
U-shaped
Crocodile
Larger
V-shaped

Snakes

Snakes are long thin reptiles with no legs. Snakes can include:

Adder

a small poisonous snake that is found Europe

Anaconda

a large non-venomous South America snake that uses its strong body to squeeze its victim to death

Asp

a small poisonous snake that is found in Africa, Europe and Asia. Asp was a symbol of royalty in Egypt.

Boa constrictor

a large non-venomous South America snake that uses its strong body to squeeze its victim to death. They are not as long as anacondas.

Bushmaster

a large poisonous snake that is found in Central and South America

Cobra

a poisonous Asian or African snake that can spread its neck skin (hood)

Copperhead

a poisonous brownish snake that is found in North America

Cottonmouth

a poisonous snake that spend much of its time in water. It is also called a black water viper.

Mamba

a black or green poisonous snake that is found in Africa

Pit viper

a viper that has a heat sensing pit on its head

Python

a large snake that kills its victim by squeezing it

Rattlesnake

a poisonous snake that makes a noise by shaking its tail as a warning

Serpent

a synonym for snake, especially a large one

Sidewinder

a poisonous desert snake that lives in North America and moves sideways along the ground. It is also called a horned rattlesnake.

Viper

a small poisonous snake

Lizards

Lizards are reptiles with four short legs and a long tail. Small lizards lose their tails in danger. Lizards can include:

Chameleon

a lizard that has ability to change skin colours

Gecko

a small lizard without eyelids that live in hot countries

Iguana

a large lizard that has a row of spines along its back

Komodo dragon

the largest lizard that is found in Indonesia

Monitor

a large lizard that is found in Australia, Africa and Asia. The largest species of monitor is Komodo dragon.

Skink

a lizard that has no legs

Turtle and tortoise

Tortoise

a reptile with a hard, bony shell that lives on land

Turtle

a reptile with a hard, bony shell that lives in the water

Terrapin

a small turtle that lives in warm water

Leatherback

a large sea turtle without a hard, bony shell.

 See also:
Birds

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