Amphibians and reptiles

Amphibians                                                                                                           


Amphibians
are animals that can live both on land and in water. Amphibians can include:
Amphibians and reptiles

  • Frog: an amphibian with moist skin that uses its long hind legs to leap. Young form of a frog or toad is called a tadpole.
  • Newt: a small amphibian that is similar to a lizard.
  • Salamander: an amphibian that looks like a lizard.
  • Toad: an amphibian with dry skin that is similar to frog.

Difference between frog and toad

Frog
Toad
Moist skin
Dry skin
Long hind legs for leaping
Short hind legs for walking
Lives in the water
Lives on land
Slim body
Stout body

Reptiles


Reptiles are cold-blooded animals that lay eggs. Reptiles can include:
  • Alligator: a type of crocodile with a very large jaw, that lives only in the United States and Chine.
  • Caiman: a mid-small sized alligator that is found Central and South America.
  • Crocodile: a large reptile with a thick skin that lives in fresh water, lakes or river  in hot countries.



Difference between alligator and crocodile

Animal
Size
Jaw
Alligator
Smaller
U-shaped
Crocodile
Larger
V-shaped

Snakes

Snakes are long thin reptiles with no legs. Snakes can include:
  • Adder: a small poisonous snake that is found Europe.
  • Anaconda: a large non-venomous South America snake that uses its strong body to squeeze its victim to death.
  • Asp: a small poisonous snake that is found in Africa, Europe and Asia. Asp was a symbol of royalty in Egypt.
  • Boa constrictor: a large non-venomous South America snake that uses its strong body to squeeze its victim to death. They are not as long as anacondas.
  • Bushmaster: a large poisonous snake that is found in Central and South America.
  • Cobra: a poisonous Asian or African snake that can spread its neck skin (hood).
  • Copperhead: a poisonous brownish snake that is found in North America.
  • Cottonmouth: a poisonous snake that spend much of its time in water. It is also called a black water viper.
  • Mamba: a black or green poisonous snake that is found in Africa.
  • Pit viper: a viper that has a heat sensing pit on its head.
  • Python: a large snake that kills its victim by squeezing it.
  • Rattlesnake: a poisonous snake that makes a noise by shaking its tail as a warning.
  • Serpent: a synonym for snake, especially a large one.
  • Sidewinder: a poisonous desert snake that lives in North America and moves sideways along the ground. It is also called horned rattlesnake.
  • Viper: a small poisonous snake.

Lizards

Lizards are reptiles with four short legs and a long tail. Small lizards lose their tails in danger. Lizards can include:
  • Chameleon: a lizard that has ability to change skin colours.
  • Gecko: a small lizard without eyelids that live in hot countries.
  • Iguana: a large lizard that has a row of spines along its back.
  • Komodo dragon: the largest lizard that is found in Indonesia
  • Monitor: a large lizard that is found in Australia, Africa and Asia. The largest species of monitor is Komodo dragon.
  • Skink: a lizard that has no legs.

Turtle and tortoise

  • Tortoise: a reptile with a hard, bony shell that lives on land.
  • Turtle: a reptile with a hard, bony shell that lives in the water.
  • Terrapin: a small turtle that lives in warm water
  • Leatherback: a large sea turtle without a hard, bony shell.

 

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