Animal behaviour

Animal behaviour



Animal behaviour

  • Amble: (of an elephant) to walk slowly. The baby elephant was ambling through the bush.
  • Bark: (of a dog) to make a short harsh noise. Barking dog doesn’t bite.
  • Bite: to cut into with the teeth or to make a small hole in the skin. I have been bitten by a dog.
  • Bristle: to raise the fur on the body. Cats bristle the fur when they are afraid.
  • Buck: (of a horse) to kick off with the hind legs. A horse may buck due to fear.
  • Cast: (of a snake) to slide out of the outer layer of old skin. Young snakes cast their skins every two weeks.
  • Claw: to use claw or nails to scratch. The cat clawed my neck.
  • Coil up (S): (of a snake) to wrap into a series of circles.  The snake coiled up, and vibrated its tail.
  • Dive (of a bird): to go down quickly and suddenly while flying. The swallows soar then dive.
  • Flutter: 1. to fly lightly and quickly. The butterflies flutter from flower to flower in my garden. 2. to move wings quickly up and down without flying. The bird fluttered its wing in the cage.
  • Frisk: (of a young animal) to move and jump in a playful way. The lambs frisk in the field.
  • Gallop: (of a horse) to run very fast. The horse was galloping at its fastest speed.
  • Glide (of a bird): to fly smoothly without moving wings. We watched the gulls gliding above the cliffs.
  • Gore: to attack and injure someone with horns. Bulls gored 5 five people to death during the festival.
  • Growl: (of a dog) to make a low threatening sound as a warning. My dog growls when a stranger approaches the house.
  • Hibernate: to spend wintertime sleeping. The ground squirrel hibernates in the winter.
  • Hiss: to produce a long ‘s’ sound. Snakes hiss to defend themselves.  
  • Infest: (of insects or pests) to exist in unpleasantly numbers. The basement was infested with rats.
  • Lap: to drink with the tongue. Cats lap milk without splashing.
  • Maul: to attack violently with claws and teeth, usually causing physical wounds. The child had been mauled by a pit bull dog.
  • Migrate: to travel to warmer places. Swallows migrate to Africa in winter.
  • Moult: (US Molt) to renew feather, hair or skin. Some insects moult 60 times in their lifespan.
  • Overwinter: to spend the winter season in a place; to remain alive during the winter. Many insects overwinter in the houses.
  • Paw: to touch many times with a paw. Pawing is a way for dogs to get attention.
  • Prance: (of a horse) to move with high, quick steps in a particular direction. The horses prance along the fence.
  • Preen: to clean and groom its feathers with its beak. Some birds preen themselves in order to attract a mate.
  • Rear: (of a horse) to rise up on the hind legs with the forelegs in the air. They trained the horse to rear.
  • Scent: to find or track something by using sensitive nose. The hound scented a rabbit.
  • Slough: to remove a layer of old skin. Young snakes slough their skins every two weeks.
  • Swoop: (of a bird): to fly downwards suddenly in order to snatch something without landing. The eagle swooped on its prey.
  • Soar: to rise high in the sky while flying. The swallows soar then dive.


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