Indefinite pronouns (-body, -one, -thing, -where)

An indefinite pronoun is a pronoun that does not refer to any particular person, thing or place. 
The indefinite pronouns ending in –body, –one, -thing and -where are used to refer to people, things, and places when you do not know who or what they are. They are written as one word. 
Note that no one is written as two separate words.

Idioms with nationalities and countries

Here is a list of idioms using the names of countries, with meanings and examples 

Types of machine: Vocabulary

Here are the types of machine with example sentences.

Washing machine 

=for washing clothes, sheets, etc. 
  • Did you put the dirty clothes in the washing machine? 
  • We'll send a plumber to install your washing machine. 
  • I clean my washing machine once a month. 
  • My new washing machine is more efficient than the old one. 

Adjectives: rich vs wealthy

The words rich and wealthy are actually synonyms. Both are often used when you are describing a person or place that has a lot of money and possessions. However, in some cases, only rich is possible.
  • She is a very rich/wealthy woman.
  • He was fabulously rich/wealthy.
  • This is a rich/wealthy area.

We always use rich in some fixed expressions such as stinking rich and filthy rich.
  • They must be stinking/filthy rich.
  • They must be stinking/filthy wealthy.

Adjectives used as nouns

As you know, adjectives and nouns are different parts of speech. A noun is a word that refers to a person, animal, thing, or idea, and an adjective describes a noun. For example, in the phrase 'a clever boy', 'clever' is an adjective, and 'boy' is a noun.
In English, some adjectives can function as nouns. These are adjectival nouns.

Compound adjectives

In English, some adjectives can consist of two or more words. These are compound adjectives. Compound adjectives are usually written with hyphens when they are used in front of a noun they modify. For example, in the phrase man-eating lion’, ‘man-eating’ is a compound adjective. ‘man eating lion’ means something different. As you can see, a hyphen changes the meaning of a phrase.