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Abound in

In this post, we're going to learn the phrasal verb abound in (with)
Definition to have something in large quantities:
Collocations to abound with fish/plants/goods
Test your understandingIf a place abounds with things,
A) there are a few numbers of them
B) there are very large numbers of them


What is a Noun?

The definition of a noun is simple: A noun is a person, a place, a thing or an idea. For example:
Person: boy, girl, doctor, TomPlace: city, France, street, homeThing: computer, apple, money, glassIdea: love, emotion, beautyThe word noun comes from the Latin word nomen that means 'name'

The problem is that some words can have the same form for different parts of speech. For example, the word love can be a noun or a verb. 

Here are three ways to recognize a noun 
1. Word endingThere are some word endings (suffixes) that help show what part of speech a word is
er - playerness - happinessment - governmentdom - freedomship - friendship2. Position in a sentenceWe often use nouns after determiners. (a determiner is a word such as 'a', 'the' 'this', 'my', 'some' etc. that shows how the noun is being used):
a bookthe newspapermy friendthat filma few photos We often use nouns after adjectives.
a big housered winemy small dogmany difficult exercisesa be…

Dictionary or Thesaurus?

Dictionaries and thesauri are reference books for words. The best way to understand the difference between dictionary and thesaurus is clarifying the terms individually.
What is a Dictionary? A dictionary contains a list of words in alphabetical order, together with their definitions, pronunciations, etymologies or spellings.
definition: a statement that explains the meaning of the word in the dictionary
pronunciation: a way in which the word is pronounced
Etymology: the origin and history of the word and its meaning
spelling: the correct way of forming the word

Here is an example of a dictionary entry for the noun 'money':

money(noun): what you earn and use to pay for things

If you don't know the meaning or correct spelling of a word, look it up in the dictionary.

What is a Thesaurus? A thesaurus contains a list of words in alphabetical order, that are similar in meaning (synonyms).
A thesaurus can include the opposite of a word.

Here is an example of a thesaurus entry for the nou…

English Alphabet

An alphabet is a set of letters in a fixed order which is used for writing a language.

The origin of the word 'alphabet' The English word 'alphabet' comes from the Late Latin word 'alphabetum' from the first two letters of the Greek alphabet (alpha+beta).

Letters of the English Alphabet The modern English alphabet consists of 26 letters. A is the first letter of the English alphabet. Z is the26th and last letter of the English alphabet. Below you see the alphabet in order.

a  b  c  d  e  f  g  h  i  j  k  l  m  n  o  p  q  r  s  t  u  v  w  x  y  z

Letter Case We can write each letter in uppercase (also called capital letters, capitals, caps or large letters) or lowercase (also called small letters).

Uppercase (capital letters): 
A



E

G


















Z

Lowercase (small letters): 


















s






z

Alphabetical Order The English alphabet has a fixed order. For…

Abide by

In this post, we're going to learn the phrasal verbabide by
Definitionto obey or behave according to a rule, an order, a decision or law etc.:
Collocationsto abide by the rules/decisions/choice/terms
Test your understandingIf you abide by a law, 
A) you do what it says you should do
B) you choose not to do what it says

Phrasal Verb Card

English Alphabet

The modern English alphabet consists of 26 letters. There are 5 vowel and 21 consonants.
The order of letters: a  b  c  d  e  f  g  h  i j  k  l  m  n o  p  q  r  s  t  u  v  w  x  y  z
The vowels of the English alphabet are: a  e  i  o  u
We can write each letter in uppercase ('capital letter') or lowercase ('small letter').

Capital Letter Small Letter A a B b C c D d F f G g H h I

Male and Female Vocabulary

Definitions
Male: belonging to the sex that does not give birth
Female: belonging to the sex that can lay eggs or give birth

Here is the list of the most common male and female words for people, jobs and positions.

Male Female actor actress barman barmaid boy girl brother sister chairman chairwoman duke duchess father mother gentleman lady grandfather grandmother