Countable Nouns

Countable nouns are nouns that can be counted and have both singular and plural forms. Examples of countable nouns include "pen", "teacher", "desk", "apple" and "car". You can count these nouns, for example, "one pen", "two teachers", "three desks", "four apples" and "five cars".

Countable nouns are also known as "count nouns".

Countable nouns can be used in both singular and plural forms. For example, "book" is a singular countable noun, while "books" is its plural form.

  • This book is a collection of short stories.
  • These books are all about different cultures.

The indefinite articles a/an can be used with countable nouns in the singular form. 

The choice between "a" and "an" depends on the sound of the first letter in the word that follows; we use "a" before words that start with consonant sounds, and "an" before words that start with vowel sounds.

  • An apple a day keeps the doctor away.

Countable nouns can also be used with the definite article "the".

  • The apple on the tree looks delicious.

In addition to articles, countable nouns can also be used with numbers and many other determiners in the plural form. (e.g. these, a few, many).

  • I have three siblings, two sisters, and a brother.
  • Many people enjoy hiking in the mountains.
  • There are some beautiful flowers in the garden.
  • I have a few questions about the menu.

It is important to remember that not all nouns are countable. There are also uncountable nouns. These words cannot be counted and don't have a plural form. For example, "water", "sugar", "information" and "furniture" are uncountable nouns.

Countable nouns