Raising and caring for children
to legally take the child of other parents into your family and become its permanent parent
- They decided to adopt a baby girl.
the legal process of adopting a child
- She put/gave her son up for adoption.
someone’s adoptive parent is the parent who adopted him or her
- my adoptive mother
to take care of a child or children while their parents are not home for a short time
- She asked me to babysit her kids.
a person who takes care of a child or children while their parents are out, usually for money
- We can’t find a reliable babysitter.
a person who earns money to support and provide for their family
Bring up (v)
American English. Raise
to care for and teach a child until it is grown up
- My mother brought me up after my father died.
- He was born and brought up in India.
- I was brought up to be polite.
- He was raised by his maternal grandparents.
- She reared a large family.
care provided for children whose parents are away or at work
- She has certificates in childcare.
- childcare facilities/services
designed to prevent injuries or hazards to children
- a childproof bottle/lock
to treat someone very well and give them too much care and attention
- She coddled him when he was sick.
- She coddled her son.
a place where babies and young children can be left for a certain period of time to be taken care of while their parents are busy
Day nursery (n)
American English. day care center
a place where children are taken care of during the day while their parents are at work
American English. a specific time by which children must be home in the evening or night
- My curfew is 10 pm.
- He does not have curfews.
American English. Dependent
a person, especially a family member, who needs you for money, food, clothes, etc.
- Do you have any children or other dependants?
to teach someone, especially a child, to obey rules of behaviour
- It is important to discipline your children.
to take another's child into your family and without being the child's adoptive parent
- The couple decided to foster (a child).
to forbid someone to go out and spend time with friends as a punishment
- His father grounded him for a week for lying.
someone who has the legal responsibility for taking care of another person, especially a child who has lost both parents
to educate a child at home instead of sending him or her to a public or private school
- They homeschooled all their kids.
the process of caring for and protecting children like a mother
- Her mothering instinct is strong.
a woman who is paid to take care of a child or children in the family's home
- She is working as a nanny for a rich family.
Nuclear family (n)
a family unit that consists of a mother, a father and one or more children
Extended family (n)
a family unit that includes the nuclear family and their other relatives such as grandparents
One-parent family (n)
American English. Single-parent family
a family that consists only one parent (either a father or a mother) and his or her child or children
a child whose biological parents are dead
- an orphan girl/boy
- She was left an orphan at an early age.
involving one or both parents
- Parental responsibility
to teach a young child to use a toilet