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Family vocabulary

Family

Family tree


Parents


Your mother and father are your parents who care for you while you are growing.
  • Father: a person’s male parent. We usually call our father Dad or Daddy.
  • Mother: a person’s female parent. We usually call our mother Mum or Mummy.

Grandparents


  • Grandfather: a father of a person’s parent. We usually call our grandfather grandad (US granddad) or grandpa.
  • Grandmother: a mother of a person’s parent. We usually call our grandmother gran, grandma or granny.

Siblings


Your brothers and sisters are your siblings with same parents.
  • Brother: a male person with the same parents as another person
  • Sister: a female person with the same parents as another person

Our uncle and aunt are the siblings of our parents.
  • Uncle: a brother of a person’s parent; a husband of a person’s aunt
  • Aunt: a sister of a person’s parent; a wife of a person’s uncle

Children


Your son and daughter are your children.

  • Son: a male child
  • Daughter: a female child
  • Cousin (also first cousin): a child of a person’s aunt or uncle
  • Nephew: a son of a person’s sibling
  • Niece: a daughter of a person’s sibling

Grandchildren


The child of your son or daughter is your grandchild.
  • Grandson: a son of a person’s child
  • Granddaughter: a daughter of a person’s child

Spouse


The partner in marriage is our spouse. Our wife or husband is our spouse.
  • Husband: a male partner
  • Wife: a female partner

Parents of the spouse


  • Father-in-law: a father of a person’s spouse
  • Mother-in-law: a mother of a person’s spouse
  • Brother-in-law: a brother of a person’s spouse
  • Sister-in-law: a sister of a person’s spouse

Exes


Your ex-wife or ex-husband is your former partner in marriage.

Half-siblings


  • Half-brother: a male person who has either the same mother or the same father (but not both) as another person
  • Half-sister: a female person who has either the same mother or the same father (but not both) as another person

Stepparents


  • Stepmother: new wife of a person’s father in a second marriage
  • Stepfather: a new husband of a person’s mother in a second marriage

Stepchild


Your stepbrother or stepsister is the child of your stepparent but not your biological parent.

Collocations with family members


lone, single, widowed father
a father of two/three etc.
lone, single, unmarried, widowed mother
a mother of two/three etc.
big, elder, older, little, younger, full, half, twin brother/sister
maternal, paternal uncle/aunt
future, ex-, former, house husband/wife


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