Crop production vocabulary

Crop production

A branch of agriculture that deals with growing or raising crops such as food, fiber, biofuel or medicinal products is called crop production. Food is things that people or animals eat. Fibers are thread that can be used for making products such as rope, paper and cloth. A fuel that is made from plant or animal sources is called biofuel.


The material on the top of the earth in which plants grow is called soil. Soil texture indicates the mineral components of soil.  Sand, silt and clay are three main components of soil. The ability of a soil to grow crops is called soil fertility. The soil pH is a measurement of the level of acidity or alkali in soil.


Land is the surface of the earth that is not sea, and is used for the purpose of farming or building. Arable land, grassland, suburban agricultural land and pastureland are the main types of agricultural land. Arable land (also plough land) is land that is suitable for being ploughed and used to grow crops. Grassland is a large area of land covered with wild grass. Suburban agricultural land is land around towns and cities. Pastureland is land where animals can feed on grass.


Crop is a plant that is cultivated in large amount.

Most used food crops
Rice, wheat, soybean, tomato, sugar cane, potato, grapes, apple, banana, coffee, onion, bean, tea, orange, cucumber, lettuce, sunflower seed, sugar beet, watermelon, carrot, coconut, lemon, lime, walnut, strawberry etc.
Most used fiber crops
Cotton, flax, jute, kenaf, ramie, sisal, bagasse, banana etc.

 Verbs related to crop production.

  • To yield: to produce or provide result of crop.
  • To cultivate: to prepare and use land for growing crops on it.
  • To harvest: to cut and collect crops.
  • To crop: To produce a crop
  • To plough: To dig and turn over a field.
  • To fertilize: to add a fertilizer to soil.

Sentence examples:

We cannot solve poverty problem with food banks
The manufacturing of synthetic fiber affects the cotton farmers.
Biofuels are designed to replace gasoline.
The ideal soil for growing crops is sandy loam.
Farmers improve soil fertility with compost.
We need a kit to test the pH level of the soil.
My father wants to buy agricultural land after his retirement.

See also: