Farming methods vocabulary

Dryland farming


Dryland farming
(also dry farming) is a method of farming for land that has limited moisture. Dyrland farming method is applied in arid or drought conditions. Dryland farming works through a system of tillage, and the use of drought tolerant (also drought-resistant) crops. Crops adapted to dry conditions are called drought tolerant crops. Tillage is the preparation of land for growing crops.  Crop production during a rainy season is called rainfed farming, not dryland farming .

Soil Enrichment

We can apply fertilizer, compost, manure, or wood ash to the soil to enhance the growth of plants. Fertilizer (also in British English fertiliser) is a natural or chemical substance that is applied to the soil in order to maintain soil fertility and make plants grow well. Fertilizer can be mineral or organic. Compost and manure are organic fertilizers. Mineral fertilizers are materials (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium) containing nutrients for the normal growth of plant. Manure (synonym: dung) is the waste material from animals. Compost is a mixture of decaying plants.  Wood ash is the powder that is left after wood has burnt.

Crop rotation

Crop rotation is the practice of the planting different crops in succession on the same land to prevent soil erosion and increase soil fertility. Crop rotation helps control harmful insects, weed and diseases. Harmful insects are small animals such as beetle, wasp, bug. Weed is a wild plant growing among crops.

Sentence examples:

California Poppy is a drought tolerant flower, and requires little irrigation.
The cornfield needs tillage.
We have to spread fertilizer on the field
My father uses animal manure as fertilizer in the home garden.
I was stung on the arm by an insect.
You can use a chemical product to remove weeds.

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